# Midpoint Calculator

## How to Calculate the Midpoint of a Line Segment

Calculating the midpoint of a line segment is a fundamental concept in geometry and algebra. The midpoint is the point that divides the line segment into two equal parts. This calculation is useful in various fields such as mathematics, physics, and computer graphics.

## Midpoint Formula

The midpoint $M$ of a line segment connecting two points $(x_1, y_1)$ and $(x_2, y_2)$ can be calculated using the midpoint formula. This formula provides the coordinates of the midpoint by averaging the x-coordinates and y-coordinates of the endpoints.

## Steps to Calculate the Midpoint

**Identify the Coordinates:**Determine the coordinates of the two endpoints of the line segment. Let's denote them as $(x_1, y_1)$ and $(x_2, y_2)$.**Apply the Midpoint Formula:**Substitute the coordinates into the midpoint formula. For the x-coordinate of the midpoint, calculate $\frac{x_1 + x_2}{2}$, and for the y-coordinate, calculate $\frac{y_1 + y_2}{2}$.**Simplify the Results:**Perform the arithmetic to simplify the expressions. The result will give you the coordinates of the midpoint.

## Example Calculation

Suppose we have two points, $(2, 3)$ and $(8, 7)$. To find the midpoint:

**Calculate the x-coordinate:**$\frac{2 + 8}{2} = \frac{10}{2} = 5$**Calculate the y-coordinate:**$\frac{3 + 7}{2} = \frac{10}{2} = 5$**Midpoint:**The midpoint of the line segment is $(5, 5)$.

By following these steps, you can easily determine the midpoint of any line segment given its endpoints. This calculation is a key tool in geometry and helps in various applications where accurate positioning and division are required.